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                    Main Technical Conditions Of Twist Drill
                    Drill diameter
                    The values indicated in the relevant dimensional standards apply in respect of the diameter of Twist Drills.
                    Test point: On the lands at the corners,(see Fig.l) 
                    Testing equipment: micrometer
                    Tapering of diameter 
                    The diameter of twist drills usually reduces from the drill tip towards the shank in the area of the flutes. 
                    Test values:The taper on diameter amounts to 0.02 to 0.08mm over a length of 100mm.
                    Test point: At the outside diameter on the land.
                    Testing equipment: micrometer and indicating measuring instruments.
                    Parallel shank 
                    Tolerance for shank diameter f11,Tolerance for roundness and parallelism 0.02mm for the shank length.
                    Concentricity tolorance(Tr.) 
                    The concentricity tolerance(Tr.) of the Twist Drill is calculated from the equation. 
                    Tr=O.03+O.O11/d 
                    In which I is the total length and d the diameter of the drill (all dimensions in mm)
                    Length
                    The tolerance of length for the total length corresponds for the degree of accuracy very coarse according 
                    to DIN 7168 part 1.The flute lengths given in the relevant dimensional stands are minimum dimensions.
                    Point angle 
                    Test value:σ=118°;σ135°
                    Test point: At the cutting edges(See Fig.2)
                    Testing equipment: Universal bevel protractor indicating measuring instruments. 
                    Materials and hardness
                    Materials
                    M2; M35i M42; F4341; 93410r4341;
                    Hardness
                    HSS HRC63-66 
                    HSSCO HRC64-68 
                    Test point: On outside diameter on the land or adjacent relieved land.
                    Test equipment: Hardness Tester.
                    Making
                    Twist drills with diameter 3mm and upwards shall be marked with:
                    Diameter 
                    Material:(HSS;HSSCO;)
                    Name or mark of manufacturer.
                    Additional and/or differing marking by agreement.
                    Twist Drill with parallel shank
                    Twist Drill with taper shank
                    General dimensions of morse taper shanks
                    Morse Taper Shank A mm B mm C(h13) mm D mm E mm F(max.) mm G mm H(max.) mm α/2
                    No.1 12.065 9 5.2  12.2 62 13.5 3.5 8.7 1°25’43
                    NO.2 17.78 14 6.3 18 75 16 5 13.5 1°25’50
                    NO.3 23.825 19.1 7.9 24.1 94 20 5 18.5 1°26’16
                    NO.4 31.267 25.2 11,9 31.6 117.5 24 6.5 24.5 1°29’15
                    NO.5 44.399 36.5 15.9 44.7 149.5 29 6.5 35.7 1°30’26
                    NO.6 63.348 52.4 19 63.8 210 40 8 51 1°29’36
                    Cutting portion
                    σ= Point angle (sigma) 
                    ψ = Chisel edge angle(psi)
                    *)In the context of cutting technology, land width b is the body clearance land width which is to be by bfan see 
                     DIN 6581.
                    Angle at the cutting edges
                    The corner has been adopted as the observed edge point
                    αx=Side clearance angle (alpha) 
                    αxe=Effective side clearance angle 
                    βx=Side wedge angle(beta) 
                    γx=Front rake angle(gamma) 
                    γxe=Working front rake angle 
                    η=Resultant cutting speed angle(eta)
                    Clearance angle α,wedge angle β and rake angleγare measured in the tool orthogonal plane. For details, 
                    see DIN 6581, definitions of metal-cutting technology; geometry at the tool edge.
                    Web thickness K
                    Test values:The web thickness according to Fig.1 shall not be less than the minimum value kmin indicated in Fig.2. 
                    Test point: At the point of the drill.
                    Testing equipment:Slide gauge with measuring points.
                    Margin width bα
                    Test values: The land width as in Fig.3 shall lie within the limitting values indicated in Fig.4 
                    Test point: 5mm behind the corner 
                    Testing equipment: Slide gauge 
                    Angle on twist drills
                    (1)Side rake angle γf (Helix angle) 
                    Recommended test value: Recommended ranges depending on the tool types N,H and W according to DIN 1836
                    and the diameter of the drill included in Fig.5 
                    Test point: At the corner, see Fig.6 
                    Testing equipment: According to VDI Guideline 3331 Part1 ,Section Margin widthbα 
                    Note:The side rake angle γfis measured in place of the orthonagonal rake angle γo found in the wedge measuring
                     plane(see DIN 6581),as this changes along the cutting edge(becoming smaller towards the point of the drill) 
                    (2) Point angle σ 
                    test value: Usual executin for tool types N and H:σ =118°,for tool type W:σ =130°
                    Test point: At the cutting, see Fig.7. 
                    Testing equipment: According to VDI Guideline 3331 Part 1, Section Margin width bα
                    Resharpening Twist drills
                    (1) Drills are worn off irregularly.It should be sharpened prior to developing into excessive wear.
                    (2) Resharpening 
                    ①Grind the correct point angle to suit your application.(figure 8) 
                    Check that both cutting lips have the same angle. On a 130° point,each lip should be 65° toward the axis.
                    The point must be on center, i.e.,the chisel edge must produce cutting lips of equal length.(figure 8)
                    ③Grind Primary relief and Secondary clearance,(figure 9)
                    ④Grind web thinning.(figure 10)
                    Web Thinning
                    (1) Without thinning
                    Suitable for drill of general purpose.Thanks to thin web thickness, web thinning is not need.
                    This without web thinning type is applied to design of drills for mild steel, alloy steels, cast iron, stainless steel, 
                    titanium, inconel, etc. and conventional cutting conditons.
                    (2) Type C thinning (DIN 1412 FORM C,SPLIT POINT)
                    Because Split point enables good centering
                    when drilling and breaks the chips,chip removals is easy.
                    Suitable for drill design in high hardened tough materials,i.e, heat treated steel, titanium alloy, stainless steel, 
                    incoroy inconel, nimonic, etc.
                    (3) Type R thinning (HEI.ICAL THINNING)
                    Helical thinning ensure to frequent chip breaking and removal. The different direction force of cutting edges and  
                    helical thinning parts enables that chips curl, break and remove through the flutes. In addition helical thinning 
                    makes the chip room up to center, remove the chisel and enables good centering.
                    (4)Type A thinning (DIN1412 FORM A)
                    A type thinnings makes thin chisel, good chip removal and favorable centering.
                    This type is the easiest type to grind the thinning. In narrow web and wide fluted drills,keeping of the rigidity and 
                    smooth chip removal are possible.
                    (5) Type B thinning (DIN1412 FORM B)
                    In case of work materials with low cutting resistance and good chip removal,ie,cast iron,aluminium, plastic etc, B 
                    type thinning is suitable. Especially when drills for high hardended steels are designed, this type is applied to 
                    decrease rake angle and avoid chipping of cutting lips. 
                    The Industry`s Most Verstile Deep Hole Drill
                     
                     The wide land parabolic design provides greater strength and rigidity while wllowing move 
                    flute area to accommodate chip flow.The stronger cross section allows to handle a wider   
                    variety of medium to heavy-duty applications.The benfits of the design include;
                    Improved coolant flow to point
                    Reduced machining time;less retooling and downtime   
                    Closer hole tolerances  Length
                    Reduced torque levels  Jobber
                    Reduced chip congestion  Screw Machine
                    Deep Hole drills are offered in a length, material and finish for your application  Taper
                    Refer to the Technical Data (pgs. 14-15) for oPerating parameters. Extra Length
                       
                    Construction Comparison 
                     
                               
                       
                    Deep Hole Drills  Finish Material
                    135° split point  Surface Treated HSS
                    Increased flute area allows more room for chip evacuation  Bright HSS
                    Reduced margin width reduces heat generation TiN Coated HSS
                    Wider land provides increased strength and rigidity  BRONZE COBALT
                    Performs best in alloyed steels TIIALN COBALT
                     
                       
                         
                         
                    Standard Parabolic Drills 
                    135° split point 
                    Standard parabolic flute area 
                    Standard margin 
                    Narrow land 
                    Performs best in mild steels
                       
                    135° Split-Point, Heavy-Duty, TiN-Coated
                     
                     
                       
                       
                    Size Decimal Equivalent Flute Length Overall Length Env. Qty.
                    1/16 0.0625 7/8 1/16 12
                    5/64 0.0781 1 5/65 12
                    3/32 0.0938 1-1/4 3/32 12
                    7/64 0.1094 1-1/2 7/64 12
                    1/8 0.1250 1-5/8 2-3/4 12
                    9/64 0.1406 1-3/4 2-7/8 12
                    5/32 0.2188 2 3-1/8 12
                    11/64 0.1719 2-1/8 3-1/4 12
                    3/16 0.1875 2-5/16 3-1/2 12
                    13/64 0.2031 2-7/16 3-5/8 12
                    7/32 0.2188 2-1/2 3-3/4 12
                    15/64 0.2344 2-5/8 3-3/7 12
                    1/4 0.2500 2-3/4 4 12
                    17/64 0.2656 2-7/8 4-1/8 12
                    9/32 0.2812 2-15/16 4-1/4 12
                    19/64 0.2969 3-1/16 4-3/8 12
                    5/16 0.3125 3-3/16 4-1/2 6
                    21/64 0.3281 3-5/16 4-5/8 6
                    11/32 0.3438 3-7/16 4-3/4 6
                    23/64  0.3594 3-1/2 4-7/8 6
                    3/8 0.3750 3-5/8 5 6
                    25/64 0.3906 3-3/4 5-1/8 6
                    13/32 0.4062 3-7/8 5-1/4 6
                    27/64 0.4219 3-15/16 5-3/8 6
                    7/16 0.4375 4-1/16 5-1/2 6
                    29/64 0.4531 4-3/16 5-5/8 6
                    15/32 0.4688 4-5/16 5-3/4 6
                    31/64 0.4844 4-3/8 5-7/8 6
                    1/2 0.5000 4-1/2 6 6
                     
                     
                       
                       
                       
                       
                    Material Application Chart
                       
                    Finish Range of Application details
                    Black/Bronze Oxide Iron,Steel,Stainless Steel,Wood
                               
                    135 Split-Point for quick penetration and reduced walking 
                    Premium-grade M-7 industrial steel and super hard performance coating for longer, heat resistance and easier drilling 
                    Unique flute design for superior material removal 
                    Heavy-duty construction provides additional strength 
                    Designed for enhanced performance in medium-and high-tensile strength alloy materials
                               
                    Size Flute Length Overall Length
                    0.5 22 6
                    1 34 12
                    1.5 40 18
                    2 49 24
                    2.5 57 30
                    3 61 33
                    3.5 70 39
                    4 75 43
                    4.5 80 47
                    5 86 52
                    5.5 93 57
                    6 93 57
                    6.5 101 63
                    7 109 69
                    7.5 109 69
                    8 117 75
                    8.5 117 75
                    9 125 81
                    9.5 125 81
                    10 133 87
                    10.5 133 87
                    11 142 94
                    11.5 142 94
                    12 151 101
                    12.5 151 101
                    13 151 101
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